Is Europe Evolving Toward an Integrated Research Area?

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Science  08 Feb 2013:
Vol. 339, Issue 6120, pp. 650-651
DOI: 10.1126/science.1227970

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Efforts toward European research and development (R&D) integration have a long history, intensifying with the Fifth Framework Programme (FP) in 1998 (13) and the launch of the European Research Area (ERA) initiative at the Lisbon European Council in 2000. A key component of the European Union (EU) strategy for innovation and growth (4, 5), the ERA aims to overcome national borders through directed funding, increased mobility, and streamlined innovation policies.