News & AnalysisHIV/AIDS

Early Treatment May Have Cured Infant of HIV Infection

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Science  08 Mar 2013:
Vol. 339, Issue 6124, pp. 1134
DOI: 10.1126/science.339.6124.1134

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A baby in rural Mississippi appears to have been cured of an HIV infection, likely because doctors started treatment 31 hours after birth. Laboratory tests given for 3 weeks after birth repeatedly found HIV in the baby. But by 29 days, the virus was undetectable on standard tests. Effective antiretroviral treatment of pregnant women has made transmission of HIV to infants rare everywhere it's used. But some 330,000 new pediatric infections occurred worldwide in 2011. Doctors are hopeful that this case can help improve rates of pediatric HIV infection and the ability to achieve cure.