On Effective Leadership

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Science  10 May 2013:
Vol. 340, Issue 6133, pp. 660
DOI: 10.1126/science.1239927

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Many have pondered why some nations are much more successful than others. Is the central factor an abundance of natural resources, wise traditional systems of governance, or the absence of serious conflicts? Or does a nation thrive merely as the result of a series of historical accidents? I believe that a primary determinant of success, often neglected, is how the leaders of its major institutions,* governmental and nongovernmental, are selected; how they in turn choose their deputies; and under what incentives they must operate.