Multiscale Design and Integration of Sustainable Building Functions

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Science  19 Jul 2013:
Vol. 341, Issue 6143, pp. 247-248
DOI: 10.1126/science.1237278

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Buildings and cities must move toward balancing resources and advancing risk preparedness in support of robust sustainability and climate change action (15). To date, the design of sustainable buildings has optimized the generation of energy separately from the regeneration of water and the processing of waste. However, the integration of macro-, micro-, and nanoscale engineering principles has enabled examples of synergistic optimization of energy generation with water and the processing of waste. Innovative multiscale design can allow buildings to wholly contain utilities, rather than merely providing routes for their delivery.