PerspectiveGeophysics

Earthquake Risk in Turkey

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Science  16 Aug 2013:
Vol. 341, Issue 6147, pp. 724-725
DOI: 10.1126/science.1238945

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Summary

Turkey has been the site of devastating earthquakes. Two massive earthquakes in Antioch (today Antakya) in CE 115 and 526 reportedly claimed more than 500,000 lives. Since 1900, ∼90,000 people have lost their lives in 76 earthquakes, with a total affected population of ∼7 million and direct losses of ∼25 billion U.S. dollars (USD). About half the lives lost were due to two earthquakes associated with the North Anatolian Fault in 1939 and 1999 (1). The resulting losses place Turkey in the top 20% of all countries exposed to earthquake hazard with regard to mortality and economic losses (2). Recent efforts are helping to increase Turkey's earthquake preparedness.