Technical Comments

Response to Comments on “Invasive Harlequin Ladybird Carries Biological Weapons Against Native Competitors”

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Science  20 Sep 2013:
Vol. 341, Issue 6152, pp. 1342
DOI: 10.1126/science.1242484

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Comments by de Jong et al., Solter et al., and Sloggett question the ecological relevance of the abundant microsporidia found in the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. We contend that there is abundant evidence that native ladybirds feed on H. axyridis eggs and that interspecific microsporidial transfer is a common phenomenon, supporting the proposed role of these parasites as biological weapons.

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