Policy Forum

Scholarly Communication: Cultural Contexts, Evolving Models

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Science  04 Oct 2013:
Vol. 342, Issue 6154, pp. 80-82
DOI: 10.1126/science.1243622

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Abstract

Despite predictions that emerging technologies will transform how research is conducted, disseminated, and rewarded, why do we see so little actual shift in how scholars in the most competitive and aspirant institutions actually disseminate their research? I describe research on faculty values and needs in scholarly communication that confirm a number of conservative tendencies in publishing. These tendencies, influenced by tenure and promotion requirements, as well as disciplinary cultures, have both positive and negative consequences. Rigorous research could inform development of good practices and policies in academic publishing, as well as counter rhetoric concerning the future of peer review and scholarly communication.

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