Research Article

Hyperdominance in the Amazonian Tree Flora

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Science  18 Oct 2013:
Vol. 342, Issue 6156, 1243092
DOI: 10.1126/science.1243092

Article Information

vol. 342 no. 6156

PubMed: 
Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication July 11, 2013
  • Accepted for publication August 19, 2013

Author Information

  1. Hans ter Steege1,2,*,
  2. Nigel C. A. Pitman3,4,
  3. Daniel Sabatier5,
  4. Christopher Baraloto6,
  5. Rafael P. Salomão7,
  6. Juan Ernesto Guevara8,
  7. Oliver L. Phillips9,
  8. Carolina V. Castilho10,
  9. William E. Magnusson11,
  10. Jean-François Molino5,
  11. Abel Monteagudo12,
  12. Percy Núñez Vargas13,
  13. Juan Carlos Montero14,11,
  14. Ted R. Feldpausch9,15,
  15. Eurídice N. Honorio Coronado16,9,
  16. Tim J. Killeen17,
  17. Bonifacio Mostacedo18,
  18. Rodolfo Vasquez12,
  19. Rafael L. Assis11,19,
  20. John Terborgh3,
  21. Florian Wittmann20,
  22. Ana Andrade21,
  23. William F. Laurance22,
  24. Susan G. W. Laurance22,
  25. Beatriz S. Marimon23,
  26. Ben-Hur Marimon Jr.23,
  27. Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira24,
  28. Iêda Leão Amaral25,
  29. Roel Brienen9,
  30. Hernán Castellanos26,
  31. Dairon Cárdenas López27,
  32. Joost F. Duivenvoorden28,
  33. Hugo F. Mogollón29,
  34. Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos11,
  35. Nállarett Dávila30,
  36. Roosevelt García-Villacorta31,32,
  37. Pablo Roberto Stevenson Diaz33,
  38. Flávia Costa11,
  39. Thaise Emilio11,
  40. Carolina Levis11,
  41. Juliana Schietti11,
  42. Priscila Souza11,
  43. Alfonso Alonso34,
  44. Francisco Dallmeier34 ,
  45. Alvaro Javier Duque Montoya35,
  46. Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade11,
  47. Alejandro Araujo-Murakami36,
  48. Luzmila Arroyo36,
  49. Rogerio Gribel37,
  50. Paul V. A. Fine8,
  51. Carlos A. Peres38,
  52. Marisol Toledo39,
  53. Gerardo A. Aymard C.40,
  54. Tim R. Baker9,
  55. Carlos Cerón41,
  56. Julien Engel42,
  57. Terry W. Henkel43,
  58. Paul Maas1,
  59. Pascal Petronelli44,
  60. Juliana Stropp45,
  61. Charles Eugene Zartman11,
  62. Doug Daly46,
  63. David Neill47,
  64. Marcos Silveira48,
  65. Marcos Ríos Paredes49,
  66. Jerome Chave50,
  67. Diógenes de Andrade Lima Filho11,
  68. Peter Møller Jørgensen51,
  69. Alfredo Fuentes52,51,
  70. Jochen Schöngart20,
  71. Fernando Cornejo Valverde53,
  72. Anthony Di Fiore54,
  73. Eliana M. Jimenez55,
  74. Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora55,
  75. Juan Fernando Phillips56,
  76. Gonzalo Rivas57,
  77. Tinde R. van Andel1,
  78. Patricio von Hildebrand56,
  79. Bruce Hoffman1,
  80. Eglée L. Zent58,
  81. Yadvinder Malhi59,
  82. Adriana Prieto60,
  83. Agustín Rudas60,
  84. Ademir R. Ruschell61,
  85. Natalino Silva62,
  86. Vincent Vos63,
  87. Stanford Zent58,
  88. Alexandre A. Oliveira64,
  89. Angela Cano Schutz33,
  90. Therany Gonzales65,
  91. Marcelo Trindade Nascimento66,
  92. Hirma Ramirez-Angulo67,
  93. Rodrigo Sierra68,
  94. Milton Tirado68,
  95. María Natalia Umaña Medina33,
  96. Geertje van der Heijden69,70,
  97. César I. A. Vela71,
  98. Emilio Vilanova Torre67,
  99. Corine Vriesendorp4,
  100. Ophelia Wang72,
  101. Kenneth R. Young73,
  102. Claudia Baider64,74,
  103. Henrik Balslev75,
  104. Cid Ferreira11,
  105. Italo Mesones8,
  106. Armando Torres-Lezama76,
  107. Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo35,
  108. Roderick Zagt77,
  109. Miguel N. Alexiades78,
  110. Lionel Hernandez26,
  111. Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco79,
  112. William Milliken80,
  113. Walter Palacios Cuenca81,
  114. Daniela Pauletto82,
  115. Elvis Valderrama Sandoval83,84,
  116. Luis Valenzuela Gamarra12,
  117. Kyle G. Dexter85,
  118. Ken Feeley86,87,
  119. Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez9,
  120. Miles R. Silman88
  1. 1Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
  2. 2Ecology and Biodiversity Group, Utrecht University, Netherlands.
  3. 3Center for Tropical Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
  4. 4The Field Museum, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605–2496, USA.
  5. 5Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR Architecture, Fonctionnement et Évolution des plantes, Montpellier, France.
  6. 6Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, French Guiana.
  7. 7Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação/Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi–Cordenadoria de Botânica, Belém, Brazil.
  8. 8Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720–3140, USA.
  9. 9School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.
  10. 10Embrapa Roraima, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil.
  11. 11Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, AM, Brazil.
  12. 12Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Oxapampa, Peru.
  13. 13Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru.
  14. 14BOLFOR (Bolivia Sustainable Forest Management Project), Cuarto Anillo, esquina Av. 2 de Agosto, Casilla 6204, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
  15. 15College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK.
  16. 16Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana, Av. José A. Quiñones km. 2.5, Iquitos, Peru.
  17. 17World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Washington, DC 20037, USA.
  18. 18Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno, Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
  19. 19Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), Aas, Norway.
  20. 20Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Biogeochemistry, Mainz, Germany.
  21. 21Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Projeto Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais, Manaus, AM, Brazil.
  22. 22Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS) and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
  23. 23Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso, Nova Xavantina, MT, Brazil.
  24. 24Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém, PA, Brazil.
  25. 25Projeto TEAM (Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring)–Manaus, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, AM, Brazil.
  26. 26Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, Puerto Ordaz, Bolivar, Venezuela.
  27. 27SINCHI (Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas) Herbario Amazónico Colombiano, Calle 20 No. 5, 44 Bogotá, Colombia.
  28. 28Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  29. 29Endangered Species Coalition, 8530 Geren Road, Silver Spring, MD 20901, USA.
  30. 30Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
  31. 31Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Rd, Edinburgh EH9 3JH, UK.
  32. 32Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh, 20a Inverleith Row, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, UK.
  33. 33Laboratorio de Ecología de Bosques Tropicales y Primatología, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá DF, Colombia.
  34. 34Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park MRC 0705, Washington, DC 20013, USA.
  35. 35Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Departamento de Ciencias Forestales, sede Medellín, Colombia.
  36. 36Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
  37. 37Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
  38. 38School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.
  39. 39Instituto Boliviano de Investigación Forestal, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno, Santa Cruz, Bolivia.
  40. 40UNELLEZ (Universidad Nacional Experimental de los Llanos Occidentales Ezekiel Zamora)–Guanare, Programa de Ciencias del Agro y el Mar, Herbario Universitario (PORT), estado Portugesa, 3350 Venezuela.
  41. 41Herbario Alfredo Paredes (QAP), Universidad Central del Ecuador, Ap. Postal 17.01.2177, Quito, Ecuador.
  42. 42CNRS, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, French Guiana.
  43. 43Department of Biological Sciences, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA 95521, USA.
  44. 44La Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), UMR Ecofog, Kourou, French Guiana.
  45. 45Land Resource and Management Unit, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Via Enrico Fermi 2749,TP 440, I-21027 Ispra (VA), Italy.
  46. 46New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York, NY 10458–5126, USA.
  47. 47Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Puyo, Ecuador.
  48. 48Museu Universitário, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco, AC, Brazil.
  49. 49Servicios de Biodiversidad EIRL, Iquitos, Peru.
  50. 50CNRS and Université Paul Sabatier, UMR 5174 EDB, 31000 Toulouse, France.
  51. 51Missouri Botanical Garden, Post Office Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166–0299, USA.
  52. 52Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Casilla 10077 Correo Central, La Paz, Bolivia.
  53. 53Andes to Amazon Biodiversity Program, Madre de Dios, Peru.
  54. 54Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
  55. 55Grupo de Ecología de Ecosistemas Terrestres Tropicales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Amazonia, Leticia, Amazonas, Colombia.
  56. 56Fundación Puerto Rastrojo, Cra 10 No. 24-76 Oficina 1201, Bogotá, Colombia.
  57. 57Wildlife Ecology and Conservation and Quantitative Spatial Ecology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
  58. 58Laboratory of Human Ecology, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Ado 20632, Caracas 1020-A, Venezuela.
  59. 59Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
  60. 60Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.
  61. 61Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, Belém, PA, Brazil.
  62. 62UFRA (Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia), Belém, PA, Brazil.
  63. 63Universidad Autónoma del Beni, Riberalta, Bolivia.
  64. 64Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento Ecologia, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
  65. 65Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research Foundation, Jirón Cusco No. 370, Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru.
  66. 66Laboratório de Ciências Ambientais, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goyatacazes, RJ 28013-620, Brazil.
  67. 67INDEFOR (Research Institute for Forestry Development), Universidad de los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.
  68. 68Geoinformática y Sistemas, Cia. Ltda. (GeoIS), Quito, Ecuador.
  69. 69Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA.
  70. 70Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado Postal 0843-03092, Panama City, Panama.
  71. 71Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Medio Ambiente, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Jr. San Martín 451, Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru.
  72. 72Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA.
  73. 73Geography and the Environment, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
  74. 74The Mauritius Herbarium, Agricultural Services, Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security, Reduit, Mauritius.
  75. 75University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
  76. 76Universidad de los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela.
  77. 77Tropenbos International, Wageningen, Netherlands.
  78. 78School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NR, UK.
  79. 79Herbario CUZ, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru.
  80. 80Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, UK.
  81. 81Universidad Técnica del Norte/Herbario Nacional del Euador, Quito, Ecuador.
  82. 82Serviço Florestal Brasileiro, Santarém, PA, Brazil.
  83. 83Department of Biology, University of Missouri–Saint Louis, R 102 Research, St. Louis, MO 63121, USA.
  84. 84Facultad de Biología, Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, Pevas 5ta cdra, Iquitos, Peru.
  85. 85School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, 201 Crew Building, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JN, UK.
  86. 86Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami FL 33199, USA.
  87. 87Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables FL 33156, USA.
  88. 88Biology Department and Center for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27106, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: hans.tersteege{at}naturalis.nl

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