To Fence or Not to Fence

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Science  04 Apr 2014:
Vol. 344, Issue 6179, pp. 46-48
DOI: 10.1126/science.1246251

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Habitat fragmentation undermines the functioning of ecosystems, and so biodiversity conservation often entails maintaining or restoring landscape connections. However, conservationists also destroy connectivity by constructing wildlife fences. A recent debate about the use of fences to protect African lions (13) highlights a more general need to evaluate the role of fencing in conservation.