Education

A research paper in seven moves or less

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Science  04 Jul 2014:
Vol. 345, Issue 6192, pp. 43-44
DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6192.43-g

Genre analysis and argumentation theory, mainstays of literature classes, rarely appear in science classrooms. To teach students how to read primary research papers efficiently, Lacum et al. showed students which rhetorical moves occur in research articles and how to identify them. The authors created a scientific argumentation model (SAM), which provided a detailed description of seven possible rhetorical moves scientific authors use to argue: motive, objective, main conclusion, implication, support, counter-argument, and refutation. They then showed students how to identify these moves in a research article. A pre- and post-test that evaluated the teaching method showed a significant increase in how well students could identify these moves.

CBE Life Sci. Educ. 13, 253 (2014).

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