The rising toll

Science  15 Aug 2014:
Vol. 345, Issue 6198, pp. 722-724
DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6198.722

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As troops head home from the war in Afghanistan, the longest in U.S. history, the growing death toll for Afghan civilians is coming into focus. Last year, the occupying military coalition—the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)—recorded the highest number of civilian casualties since rigorous counting began. Those figures come from a previously undisclosed data set of the past 4 years of civilian casualties, drawn from reports from ISAF soldiers. This data set, which Science is making public today, is the first release of civilian casualty figures since 2011.