Views of nature, views of conservation

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Science  26 Sep 2014:
Vol. 345, Issue 6204, pp. 1574
DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6204.1574-s

When we think of nature conservation, some of us may imagine wilderness protected in a natural park. Others may think of species closer to home, such as birds and butterflies helped to recovery by the reintroduction of hedges. Mace traces the changes in conversation thinking in the past 50 years. She identifies four different views of nature as emphasis has shifted from individual species to ecosystems, and from viewing nature as separate from humans to considering direct benefits to humans from nature. The different views have important implications for how scientists can measure conservation success and how policy-makers value and manage nature.

Science, this issue p. 1558

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