Policy ForumENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

Brazil's environmental leadership at risk

Science  07 Nov 2014:
Vol. 346, Issue 6210, pp. 706-707
DOI: 10.1126/science.1260194

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Summary

Over the past two decades, Brazil has emerged as an environmental leader, playing a prominent role in international fora such as the United Nations (UN) Conferences on Sustainable Development. The country has earned praise for the expansion of its protected area (PA) network and reductions in Amazon deforestation. Yet these successes are being compromised by development pressures and shifts in legislation. We highlight concerns for the newly elected government regarding development of major infrastructure and natural resource extraction projects in PAs and indigenous lands (ILs).