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Parity-time–symmetric microring lasers

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Science  21 Nov 2014:
Vol. 346, Issue 6212, pp. 975-978
DOI: 10.1126/science.1258480

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Abstract

The ability to control the modes oscillating within a laser resonator is of fundamental importance. In general, the presence of competing modes can be detrimental to beam quality and spectral purity, thus leading to spatial as well as temporal fluctuations in the emitted radiation. We show that by harnessing notions from parity-time (PT) symmetry, stable single–longitudinal mode operation can be readily achieved in a system of coupled microring lasers. The selective breaking of PT symmetry can be used to systematically enhance the maximum attainable output power in the desired mode. This versatile concept is inherently self-adapting and facilitates mode selectivity over a broad bandwidth without the need for other additional intricate components. Our experimental findings provide the possibility to develop synthetic optical devices and structures with enhanced functionality.

Compensating optical loss for laser gain

Optical loss is thought to be detrimental to the operation of a laser, typically resulting in poor beam quality, multimode emission, and low efficiencies. Now results that take their cue from theoretical ideas of parity-time symmetry and implement them into the design of coupled laser components show that loss and gain can actually work together. Feng et al. and Hodaei et al. designed laser systems based on microring cavities to carefully control the amount of loss and gain within each component. The interplay between the loss and gain resulted in enhanced and cleaner emission from their lasers.

Science, this issue p. 972, p. 975

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