PerspectiveGeology

The birth of the geological map

+ See all authors and affiliations

Science  16 Jan 2015:
Vol. 347, Issue 6219, pp. 230-232
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa2330

You are currently viewing the summary.

View Full Text

Summary

In 1815, William Smith, an English canal surveyor and land drainer, provided the young science of geology with the first true geological map of an entire country (see the first figure). Two hundred years on, Smith's map has become an icon of Earth science, and the basic principles he developed and applied are still used in interpreting rock sequences and making geological maps.