Iran deal would transform its nuclear infrastructure

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Science  10 Apr 2015:
Vol. 348, Issue 6231, pp. 164-165
DOI: 10.1126/science.348.6231.164

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According to the outline of a deal reached last week with the United States and five other nations, Iran will convert the sensitive Fordow uranium enrichment facility into an international research center that would produce isotopes for industry—and may even host one or more small linear accelerators for basic science. Fordow's emergence from the shadows is one highlight of the tentative agreement, which is designed to dismantle large pieces of Iran's nuclear program in exchange for easing crippling economic sanctions. Other technical elements include reengineering a plutonium-producing reactor and removing or diluting enriched uranium that could otherwise be further enriched to make several atomic bombs. The plan seeks a delicate balance: preventing Iran from building an atomic arsenal while allowing it to retain nuclear R&D.