Policy ForumSUSTAINABILITY

Ecosystem services lost to oil and gas in North America

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Science  24 Apr 2015:
Vol. 348, Issue 6233, pp. 401-402
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa4785

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  1. The number of oil and gas wells drilled within central provinces of Canada and central U.S. states 1900–2012. Canadian provinces: Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. U.S. states: Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming. See SM.

  2. Cumulative impacts of oil and gas development on ecosystem services in central North America 2000–2012. (Left) Reduction in NPP (biomass), per land cover type. (Middle) Land area occupied, per land cover type. (Right) Number of wells in water-stressed regions (22). See SM.

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