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Atomically thin two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites

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Science  25 Sep 2015:
Vol. 349, Issue 6255, pp. 1518-1521
DOI: 10.1126/science.aac7660

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Flat perovskite crystals

Bulk crystals and thick films of inorganic-organic perovskite materials such as CH3NH3PbI3 have shown promise as active material for solar cells. Dou et al. show that thin films—a single unit cell or a few unit cells thick—of a related composition, (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4, form squares with edges several micrometers long. These materials exhibit strong and tunable blue photoluminescence.

Science, this issue p. 1518

Abstract

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, which have proved to be promising semiconductor materials for photovoltaic applications, have been made into atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) sheets. We report the solution-phase growth of single- and few-unit-cell-thick single-crystalline 2D hybrid perovskites of (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 with well-defined square shape and large size. In contrast to other 2D materials, the hybrid perovskite sheets exhibit an unusual structural relaxation, and this structural change leads to a band gap shift as compared to the bulk crystal. The high-quality 2D crystals exhibit efficient photoluminescence, and color tuning could be achieved by changing sheet thickness as well as composition via the synthesis of related materials.

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