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Atomically thin two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites

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Science  25 Sep 2015:
Vol. 349, Issue 6255, pp. 1518-1521
DOI: 10.1126/science.aac7660
  • Fig. 1 Synthesis of atomically thin 2D (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 crystals.

    (A) Structural illustration of a single layer (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 (blue balls, lead atoms; large orange balls, bromine atoms; red balls, nitrogen atoms; small orange balls, carbon atoms; H atoms were removed for clarity). (B) Optical image of the 2D square sheets. Scale bar, 10 μm. (C) AFM image and height profile of several single layers. The thickness is around 1.6 nm (±0.2 nm). (D) AFM image and height profile of a double layer. The thickness is around 3.4 nm (±0.2 nm).

  • Fig. 2 TEM, EDS, and GIWAXS studies.

    (A) TEM image of a thin (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 sheet. Scale bar, 1 μm. (B) Electron diffraction pattern of a thin sheet of (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4. Scale bar, 2 nm−1. (C to F) EDS analysis showing the elemental distribution of lead, bromide, carbon, and nitrogen, respectively. Scale bars, 1 μm. (G) GIWAXS image of the 2D thin sheets. Q, wave vector in reciprocal space. (H) Integrated GIWAXS spectrum of the 2D thin sheets. a.u., arbitrary units.

  • Fig. 3 PL properties of the 2D (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 sheets.

    (A) Steady-state PL spectrum of a piece of bulk crystal and several 2D sheets. (B) The corresponding optical image of the bulk crystal under excitation. Scale bar, 20 μm. (C to E) Optical images of the 2D sheets with 22 layers, 8 layers, and 3 layers. Scale bars, 2 μm. (F) SEM image of a 2D sheet. Scale bar, 2 μm. (G) The corresponding cathodoluminescence image showing the emission (with a 40-nm bandpass filter centered at 415 nm). (H) PL spectra of a 2D sheet at 298 and 6 K. (I) Time-resolved PL measurements showing a bi-exponential decay.

  • Fig. 4 Photoluminescence of different 2D hybrid perovskites.

    (C4H9NH3)2PbCl4 (i), (C4H9NH3)2PbBr4 (ii), (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 (iii), (C4H9NH3)2PbCl2Br2 (iv), (C4H9NH3)2PbBr2I2 (v), and (C4H9NH3)2(CH3NH3)Pb2Br7 (vi) 2D sheets demonstrate that the solution-phase direct growth method is generalizable. The corresponding optical PL images are shown in the inset. Scale bars, 2 μm for (i) to (v) and 10 μm for (vi).

Supplementary Materials

  • Atomically thin two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites

    Letian Dou, Andrew B. Wong, Yi Yu, Minliang Lai, Nikolay Kornienko, Samuel W. Eaton, Anthony Fu, Connor G. Bischak, Jie Ma, Tina Ding, Naomi S. Ginsberg, Lin-Wang Wang, A. Paul Alivisatos, Peidong Yang

    Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References

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    • Materials and Methods
    • Supplementary Text
    • Figs. S1 to S17
    • Tables S1 to S4

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