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CO2 capture from humid flue gases and humid atmosphere using a microporous coppersilicate

Science  16 Oct 2015:
Vol. 350, Issue 6258, pp. 302-306
DOI: 10.1126/science.aab1680

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Grabbing CO2 from wet gas streams

It is a challenge to extract CO2 from typical gas streams, such as the flue gas from a power plant. This is because any water in the stream tends to prevent CO2 absorption and may also degrade the absorbing material. Datta et al. developed a microporous copper silicate that avoids these problems. Most other materials have sites that absorb both water and CO2 at the same sites, and in that fight, the water tends to win. Although their material still absorbs water, it has separate sites for the CO2 absorption. It also shows good stability despite the absorbed water and can be reused.

Science, this issue p. 302

Abstract

Capturing CO2 from humid flue gases and atmosphere with porous materials remains costly because prior dehydration of the gases is required. A large number of microporous materials with physical adsorption capacity have been developed as CO2-capturing materials. However, most of them suffer from CO2 sorption capacity reduction or structure decomposition that is caused by co-adsorbed H2O when exposed to humid flue gases and atmosphere. We report a highly stable microporous coppersilicate. It has H2O-specific and CO2-specific adsorption sites but does not have H2O/CO2-sharing sites. Therefore, it readily adsorbs both H2O and CO2 from the humid flue gases and atmosphere, but the adsorbing H2O does not interfere with the adsorption of CO2. It is also highly stable after adsorption of H2O and CO2 because it was synthesized hydrothermally.

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