Torque-mixing magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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Science  13 Nov 2015:
Vol. 350, Issue 6262, pp. 798-801
DOI: 10.1126/science.aad2449

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Mechanically detected spin resonances

The interaction of spins in a sample with a magnetic field can generate forces that can be sensed with cantilever probes. Losby et al. measured the resonance signals at room temperature with a micromechanical torque magnetometer. The difference between two applied radio-frequency signals corresponded to the mechanical frequency of the resonator. This approach revealed the vortex core dynamics of the ferri-toferro–magnetic transition in a micrometer-sized yttrium-iron-garnet single-crystal disk.

Science, this issue p. 798


A universal, torque-mixing method for magnetic resonance spectroscopy is presented. In analogy to resonance detection by magnetic induction, the transverse component of a precessing dipole moment can be measured in sensitive broadband spectroscopy, here using a resonant mechanical torque sensor. Unlike induction, the torque amplitude allows equilibrium magnetic properties to be monitored simultaneously with the spin dynamics. Comprehensive electron spin resonance spectra of a single-crystal, mesoscopic yttrium iron garnet disk at room temperature reveal assisted switching between magnetization states and mode-dependent spin resonance interactions with nanoscale surface imperfections. The rich detail allows analysis of even complex three-dimensional spin textures. The flexibility of microelectromechanical and optomechanical devices combined with broad generality and capabilities of torque-mixing magnetic resonance spectroscopy offers great opportunities for development of integrated devices.

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