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Quantum phase magnification

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Science  24 Jun 2016:
Vol. 352, Issue 6293, pp. 1552-1555
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf3397

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Quantum enhanced metrology

Exploiting the quantum-mechanical properties of quantum systems offer the possibility of developing devices for enhanced precision measurement and sensing applications. These devices have, however, required low-noise detection capabilities that have hampered their development. Hosten et al. describe a method that manipulates a coherent cloud of cold rubidium atoms in a way that relaxes the ultrasensitive detection requirements. The general method may be applied to other coherent quantum systems.

Science, this issue p. 1552

Abstract

Quantum metrology exploits entangled states of particles to improve sensing precision beyond the limit achievable with uncorrelated particles. All previous methods required detection noise levels below this standard quantum limit to realize the benefits of the intrinsic sensitivity provided by these states. We experimentally demonstrate a widely applicable method for entanglement-enhanced measurements without low-noise detection. The method involves an intermediate quantum phase magnification step that eases implementation complexity. We used it to perform squeezed-state metrology 8 decibels below the standard quantum limit with a detection system that has a noise floor 10 decibels above the standard quantum limit.

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