ReportGLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Impact ejecta at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary

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Science  14 Oct 2016:
Vol. 354, Issue 6309, pp. 225-229
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf5466

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An impactful event

Glassy silica spherules have been found in marine sediments from three sites across a wide area off the Atlantic coast of the United States, near the stratigraphic level of the Paleocene-Eocene boundary. The characteristics of these specimens are consistent with those of microtektites associated with extraterrestrial impact events. This discovery by Schaller et al. is evidence of an impact event at the time of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, a period during which global temperatures increased rapidly and the carbon cycle was substantially perturbed.

Science, this issue p. 225

Abstract

Extraterrestrial impacts have left a substantial imprint on the climate and evolutionary history of Earth. A rapid carbon cycle perturbation and global warming event about 56 million years ago at the Paleocene-Eocene (P-E) boundary (the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum) was accompanied by rapid expansions of mammals and terrestrial plants and extinctions of deep-sea benthic organisms. Here, we report the discovery of silicate glass spherules in a discrete stratigraphic layer from three marine P-E boundary sections on the Atlantic margin. Distinct characteristics identify the spherules as microtektites and microkrystites, indicating that an extraterrestrial impact occurred during the carbon isotope excursion at the P-E boundary.

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