Review

Exploring pain pathophysiology in patients

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Science  04 Nov 2016:
Vol. 354, Issue 6312, pp. 588-592
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8935

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Abstract

Although animal models of pain have brought invaluable information on basic processes underlying pain pathophysiology, translation to humans is a problem. This Review will summarize what information has been gained by the direct study of patients with chronic pain. The techniques discussed range from patient phenotyping using quantitative sensory testing to specialized nociceptor neurophysiology, imaging methods of peripheral nociceptors, analyses of body fluids, genetics and epigenetics, and the generation of sensory neurons from patients via inducible pluripotent stem cells.

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