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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of an atomically thin material using a single-spin qubit

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Science  03 Feb 2017:
Vol. 355, Issue 6324, pp. 503-507
DOI: 10.1126/science.aal2538

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Getting a sense of atomically thin materials

Two-dimensional materials such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides provide a powerful platform for optoelectronic applications. As the materials get thinner, however, characterizing the electronic properties can present an experimental challenge. Lovchinsky et al. demonstrate that atomic-like impurities in diamond can be used to probe the properties of 2D materials by nanometer-scale nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy. Coherent manipulation of shallow nitrogen-vacancy color centers enabled probing of nanoscale ensembles down to several tens of nuclear spins in atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride.

Science, this issue p. 503

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials offer a promising platform for exploring condensed matter phenomena and developing technological applications. However, the reduction of material dimensions to the atomic scale poses a challenge for traditional measurement and interfacing techniques that typically couple to macroscopic observables. We demonstrate a method for probing the properties of 2D materials via nanometer-scale nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy using individual atomlike impurities in diamond. Coherent manipulation of shallow nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers enables the probing of nanoscale ensembles down to approximately 30 nuclear spins in atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN). The characterization of low-dimensional nanoscale materials could enable the development of new quantum hybrid systems, combining atomlike systems coherently coupled with individual atoms in 2D materials.

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