Report

Efficient and stable solution-processed planar perovskite solar cells via contact passivation

+ See all authors and affiliations

Science  17 Feb 2017:
Vol. 355, Issue 6326, pp. 722-726
DOI: 10.1126/science.aai9081

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Passivating traps in perovskites

Low-temperature processing of planar organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells made through solution processing would allow for simpler manufacturing and the use of flexible substrates. However, materials currently in use form interfaces with charge carrier trap states that limit performance. Tan et al. used chlorine-capped TiO2 colloidal nanocrystal films as an electron-selective layer, which limited interface recombination in solution-processed solar cells. Such cells achieved certified efficiencies of 19.5% for active areas of 1.1 cm2.

Science, this issue p. 722

Abstract

Planar perovskite solar cells (PSCs) made entirely via solution processing at low temperatures (<150°C) offer promise for simple manufacturing, compatibility with flexible substrates, and perovskite-based tandem devices. However, these PSCs require an electron-selective layer that performs well with similar processing. We report a contact-passivation strategy using chlorine-capped TiO2 colloidal nanocrystal film that mitigates interfacial recombination and improves interface binding in low-temperature planar solar cells. We fabricated solar cells with certified efficiencies of 20.1 and 19.5% for active areas of 0.049 and 1.1 square centimeters, respectively, achieved via low-temperature solution processing. Solar cells with efficiency greater than 20% retained 90% (97% after dark recovery) of their initial performance after 500 hours of continuous room-temperature operation at their maximum power point under 1-sun illumination (where 1 sun is defined as the standard illumination at AM1.5, or 1 kilowatt/square meter).

View Full Text