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AI Glossary: Artificial intelligence, in so many words

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Science  07 Jul 2017:
Vol. 357, Issue 6346, pp. 19
DOI: 10.1126/science.357.6346.19

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Summary

Just what do people mean by artificial intelligence (AI)? The term has never had clear boundaries. When it was introduced at a seminal 1956 workshop at Dartmouth College, it was taken broadly to mean making a machine behave in ways that would be called intelligent if seen in a human. An important recent advance in AI has been machine learning, which shows up in technologies from spellcheck to self-driving cars and is often carried out by computer systems called neural networks. Any discussion of AI is likely to include other terms as well. We present a glossary of key words and phrases.