Genomic exploration of the diversity, ecology, and evolution of the archaeal domain of life

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Science  11 Aug 2017:
Vol. 357, Issue 6351, eaaf3883
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf3883

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Archaeal diversity and evolution

Archaea are prokaryotes that make up a third branch of the tree of life. Knowledge of archaeal biological diversity and their role in evolution has rapidly expanded in the past decade. Despite the discovery of previously unknown groups and lineages, few lineages have been well studied. Spang et al. review the diversity of Archaea and their genomes, metabolomes, and history, which clarifies the biology and placement of recently discovered archaeal lineages.

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