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A generic interface to reduce the efficiency-stability-cost gap of perovskite solar cells

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Science  01 Dec 2017:
Vol. 358, Issue 6367, pp. 1192-1197
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao5561

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Minimizing losses at interfaces

Among the issues facing the practical use of hybrid organohalide lead perovskite solar cells is the loss of charge carriers at interfaces. Hou et al. show that tantalum-doped tungsten oxide forms almost ohmic contacts with inexpensive conjugated polymer multilayers to create a hole-transporting material with a small interface barrier. This approach eliminates the use of ionic dopants that compromise device stability. Solar cells made with these contacts achieved maximum efficiencies of 21.2% and operated stably for more than 1000 hours.

Science, this issue p. 1192

Abstract

A major bottleneck delaying the further commercialization of thin-film solar cells based on hybrid organohalide lead perovskites is interface loss in state-of-the-art devices. We present a generic interface architecture that combines solution-processed, reliable, and cost-efficient hole-transporting materials without compromising efficiency, stability, or scalability of perovskite solar cells. Tantalum-doped tungsten oxide (Ta-WOx)/conjugated polymer multilayers offer a surprisingly small interface barrier and form quasi-ohmic contacts universally with various scalable conjugated polymers. In a simple device with regular planar architecture and a self-assembled monolayer, Ta-WOx–doped interface–based perovskite solar cells achieve maximum efficiencies of 21.2% and offer more than 1000 hours of light stability. By eliminating additional ionic dopants, these findings open up the entire class of organics as scalable hole-transporting materials for perovskite solar cells.

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