PerspectiveCell Biology

A new mitotic activity comes into focus

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Science  05 Jan 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6371, pp. 30-31
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar4799

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Summary

During mitosis, each duplicated chromosome must be accurately attached to the microtubule spindle, which pulls the chromosomes to opposite poles of the cell, where they are segregated to daughter cells. A number of mitotic kinases orchestrate mitosis to ensure accurate segregation, including cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), the Polo-like kinases, and the Aurora kinases (1). The kinase ATR (ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related), which is involved in DNA damage responses during interphase of the cell cycle, has also been shown to prevent chromosome segregation errors (2). However, this role of ATR was presumed to be an indirect effect. On page 108 of this issue, Kabeche et al. (3) unveil a mitosis-specific ATR activity that ensures proper chromosome segregation and that this activity is dependent on a specific three-stranded nucleic acid structure known as an R loop.