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Local transformations of the hippocampal cognitive map

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Science  09 Mar 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1143-1146
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao4960

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The mechanisms behind grid cell changes

When grid cells were first discovered in the brain, the grids were considered to have rigid coordinates beyond the borders of the testing environments. However, recent findings suggest that the grid cell pattern can be altered easily by changing the space of the enclosure. But how? Krupic et al. discovered that local changes in the geometry of the environment shifted individual neighboring grid fields, while more distant fields remained unchanged. Thus, changes to the grid structure are localized. Stable landmarks continue to exert an effect on most grid cells, whereas the ones close to changed borders are modified.

Science, this issue p. 1143