Education

A balance between content and process

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Science  06 Apr 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6384, pp. 45-46
DOI: 10.1126/science.360.6384.45-f

Process of science (POS) skills, such as communication, experimental design, and data analysis, are critical components of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) curricula. Balanced with teaching content, how much time should be spent on teaching POS, and which POS skills should be prioritized? Addis and Powell-Coffman surveyed faculty and students across six science disciplines on time allotted to POS and which POS skills were most important. Whereas students approved of time spent on POS, faculty found this same amount of time to be insufficient. Students and faculty agreed that the POS skills of problem-solving, critical thinking, and communication were important but disagreed about several others, suggesting a disconnect in the way that these two groups define specific POS skills. Findings from this study will help inform future curriculum development.

J. Coll. Sci. Teach. 47, 72 (2018).

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