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Ethylene-gibberellin signaling underlies adaptation of rice to periodic flooding

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Science  13 Jul 2018:
Vol. 361, Issue 6398, pp. 181-186
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat1577

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How rice defeats the floodwaters

Deepwater rice varieties grow taller when flooded, in a growth response driven by the plant hormones gibberellin and ethylene. This keeps the leaves above the water. Kuroha et al. identified the genes underlying this phenotype, which encode a component of the gibberellin biosynthetic pathway and its regulatory ethylene-responsive transcription factor. This genetic relay drives growth of the plant stem internodes in response to flooding. Modern cultivated deepwater rice, which has been domesticated for adaptation to the monsoon season of Bangladesh, emerged from the genetic variation found in wild rice strains over a broader geographic region.

Science, this issue p. 181