Policy ForumEnergy and Climate

Global carbon intensity of crude oil production

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Science  31 Aug 2018:
Vol. 361, Issue 6405, pp. 851-853
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar6859

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  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) plays a key role in negative emission technologies

    Mohammad S. et al. wrote an article entitled “Global carbon intensity of crude oil production” (1). A variety of negative emission technologies have been proposed. An algae bioreactor has been developed that transforms CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion into valuable biofuels and phytonutrients (2). Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) will play a key role in reducing CO2 emissions (3). The CCS chain consists of three parts; capturing the carbon dioxide, transporting the carbon dioxide, and securely storing the carbon dioxide emissions, underground in depleted oil and gas fields or deep saline aquifer formations (3). Although the limited potential for eliminating CO2 emissions (4), the world’s first “negative emissions” plant has begun operation—turning carbon dioxide into stone (5). CCS technology can be also applied to coal power (6).

    1. Mohammad S. et al., Global carbon intensity of crude oil production, Science 361 (6405), 851-853
    2. https://www.symbioticcities.net/a-real-climate-change-solution-
    3. http://www.ccsassociation.org/what-is-ccs/
    4. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-02184-x

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    Competing Interests: None declared.