Essays on Science and SocietyNeurobiology

Circuits for care

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Science  12 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6411, pp. 168-169
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav1249


Raising a child to independence requires an estimated 13 million calories (1), near-constant attention, and the ability to survive on little sleep. Because parents perform this monumental task without any immediate benefit, it has been suspected that parental behavior relies on evolutionarily sculpted neural circuits. What do we know about the neural basis of parenting?