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Room-temperature cycling of metal fluoride electrodes: Liquid electrolytes for high-energy fluoride ion cells

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Science  07 Dec 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6419, pp. 1144-1148
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7070

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Working toward fluoride batteries

Owing to the low atomic weight of fluorine, rechargeable fluoride-based batteries could offer very high energy density. However, current batteries need to operate at high temperatures that are required for the molten salt electrolytes. Davis et al. push toward batteries that can operate at room temperature, through two advances. One is the development of a room-temperature liquid electrolyte based on a stable tetraalkylammonium salt–fluorinated ether combination. The second is a copper–lanthanum trifluoride core-shell cathode material that demonstrates reversible partial fluorination and defluorination reactions.

Science, this issue p. 1144