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Complete steric exclusion of ions and proton transport through confined monolayer water

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Science  11 Jan 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6423, pp. 145-148
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau6771

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Only the water may pass

Removing objects by size to keep only the smallest ones is simple in theory, but it requires a sieve, membrane, or filter with holes small enough to allow only the smallest objects to pass. Gopinadhan et al. engineered two-dimensional water channels by removing an atomic plane of atoms from a sandwich made from bulk crystal with a graphene spacer. Water flowed through the channels without resistance, but the channels excluded all ions except for protons because the ion hydration shells could not squeeze through the channels.

Science, this issue p. 145