Research Article

Single-cell profiling identifies myeloid cell subsets with distinct fates during neuroinflammation

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  25 Jan 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6425, eaat7554
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7554

You are currently viewing the editor's summary.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution

A myeloid cell atlas of neuroinflammation

Myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells and macrophages, in the central nervous system (CNS) play critical roles in the initiation and exacerbation of multiple sclerosis (MS). Jordão et al. combined high-throughput single-cell RNA sequencing and intravital microscopy to compile a transcriptional atlas of myeloid subsets in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of MS. Microglia and other CNS-associated macrophages expanded and transformed into various context-dependent subtypes during EAE. Furthermore, dendritic cells and monocyte-derived cells, but not resident macrophages, played a critical role by presenting antigen to pathogenic T cells. This exhaustive characterization may inform future therapeutic targeting strategies in MS.

Science, this issue p. eaat7554