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Dynamic gating of infrared radiation in a textile

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Science  08 Feb 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6427, pp. 619-623
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau1217

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A cloth that adapts to the heat

Textiles trap infrared radiation, which helps keep us warm in cold weather. Of course, in hot weather, this is less desirable. Zhang et al. constructed an infrared-adaptive textile composed of polymer fibers coated with carbon nanotubes. The yarn itself expanded and collapsed based on heat and humidity, which changed the spacing of the fibers. Wider fiber spacing allowed the textile to breathe but also altered the infrared emissivity of the textile. This allowed for better heat exchange under hot and wet conditions. The self-adjusting emissivity of the textile could help toward wearable thermal-management attire.

Science, this issue p. 619