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Precipitation strengthening of aluminum alloys by room-temperature cyclic plasticity

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Science  01 Mar 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6430, pp. 972-975
DOI: 10.1126/science.aav7086

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Pushing and pulling for high strength

High-strength aluminum alloys are important for producing lightweight cars, trains, and airplanes. The traditional strategy for doing this is through hours of high-temperature cycling to form precipitates in the alloy. Sun et al. developed a processing method that relies on mechanical cycling by pushing and pulling on the alloys at room temperature. This quickly creates many very fine precipitates that have the same strengthening effect as those characteristic of traditional thermal methods. This method should also work for other alloy systems.

Science, this issue p. 972

Abstract

High-strength aluminum alloys are important for lightweighting vehicles and are extensively used in aircraft and, increasingly, in automobiles. The highest-strength aluminum alloys require a series of high-temperature “bakes” (120° to 200°C) to form a high number density of nanoparticles by solid-state precipitation. We found that a controlled, room-temperature cyclic deformation is sufficient to continuously inject vacancies into the material and to mediate the dynamic precipitation of a very fine (1- to 2-nanometer) distribution of solute clusters. This results in better material strength and elongation properties relative to traditional thermal treatments, despite a much shorter processing time. The microstructures formed are much more uniform than those characteristic of traditional thermal treatments and do not exhibit precipitate-free zones. These alloys are therefore likely to be more resistant to damage.

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