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Coherent single-photon emission from colloidal lead halide perovskite quantum dots

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Science  08 Mar 2019:
Vol. 363, Issue 6431, pp. 1068-1072
DOI: 10.1126/science.aau7392

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Perovskite quantum emitters

The development of many optical quantum technologies is dependent on the availability of solid-state single quantum emitters with near-perfect optical coherence. Light-emitting defects in diamond and quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy have demonstrated transform-limited emission linewidths. However, they are limited in terms of production scalability and reproducibility between individual emitters. Utzat et al. now show that perovskite quantum dots can overcome these limitations and provide unprecedented versatility for the generation of indistinguishable single photons or entangled photon pairs for quantum information processing.

Science, this issue p. 1068

Abstract

Chemically made colloidal semiconductor quantum dots have long been proposed as scalable and color-tunable single emitters in quantum optics, but they have typically suffered from prohibitively incoherent emission. We now demonstrate that individual colloidal lead halide perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) display highly efficient single-photon emission with optical coherence times as long as 80 picoseconds, an appreciable fraction of their 210-picosecond radiative lifetimes. These measurements suggest that PQDs should be explored as building blocks in sources of indistinguishable single photons and entangled photon pairs. Our results present a starting point for the rational design of lead halide perovskite–based quantum emitters that have fast emission, wide spectral tunability, and scalable production and that benefit from the hybrid integration with nanophotonic components that has been demonstrated for colloidal materials.

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