Research Article

Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books

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Science  16 Dec 2010:
1199644
DOI: 10.1126/science.1199644

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History: 
  • Received for publication October 27, 2010
  • Accepted for publication December 6, 2010

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Author Information

  1. Jean-Baptiste Michel1,2,3,4,*,
  2. Yuan Kui Shen5,
  3. Aviva P. Aiden6,
  4. Adrian Veres7,
  5. Matthew K. Gray8,
  6. The Google Books Team8,
  7. Joseph P. Pickett9,
  8. Dale Hoiberg10,
  9. Dan Clancy8,
  10. Peter Norvig8,
  11. Jon Orwant8,
  12. Steven Pinker4,
  13. Martin A. Nowak1,11,12 and
  14. Erez Lieberman Aiden1,12,13,14,15,16,*
  1. 1Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  2. 2Institute for Quantitative Social Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  3. 3Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  4. 4Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
  5. 5Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  6. 6Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
  7. 7Harvard College, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  8. 8Google, Inc., Mountain View, CA 94043 USA.
  9. 9Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA 02116, USA.
  10. 10Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., Chicago, IL 60654, USA.
  11. 11Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  12. 12Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  13. 13Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  14. 14School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  15. 15Harvard Society of Fellows, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  16. 16Laboratory-at-Large, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  1. To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jb.michel{at}gmail.com (J.B.M.); erez{at}erez.com (E.A.).
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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