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BTBD3 Controls Dendrite Orientation Toward Active Axons in Mammalian Neocortex

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Science  31 Oct 2013:
1244505
DOI: 10.1126/science.1244505

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Abstract

Experience-dependent structural changes in the developing brain are fundamental for proper neural circuit formation. Here, we show during development of sensory cortex that dendritic field orientation is controlled by the BTB/POZ domain-containing 3 (BTBD3). In developing mouse somatosensory cortex, endogenous Btbd3 translocated to the cell nucleus in response to neuronal activity and oriented primary dendrites toward active axons in the barrel hollow. Btbd3 also directed dendrites toward active axon terminals when ectopically expressed in mouse visual cortex or normally expressed in ferret visual cortex. BTBD3 regulation of dendrite orientation is conserved across species and cortical areas and shows how high-acuity sensory function may be achieved by the tuning of subcellular polarity to sources of high sensory activity.

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