Research Article

Innate lymphoid cells regulate intestinal epithelial cell glycosylation

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Science  21 Aug 2014:
DOI: 10.1126/science.1254009

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Fucosylation of intestinal epithelial cells, catalyzed by fucosyltransferase 2 (Fut2), is a major glycosylation mechanism of host–microbiota symbiosis. Commensal bacteria induce epithelial fucosylation and epithelial fucose is utilized as a dietary carbohydrate by many of these bacteria. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate the induction of epithelial fucosylation are unknown. Here, we show that type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) induced intestinal epithelial Fut2 expression and fucosylation in mice. This induction required the cytokines interleukin 22 and lymphotoxin in a commensal bacteria–dependent and –independent manner, respectively. Disruption of intestinal fucosylation led to increased susceptibility to infection by Salmonella typhimurium. Our data reveal a role for ILC3 in shaping the gut microenvironment through the regulation of epithelial glycosylation.

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