Research Article

Extensive remodeling of a cyanobacterial photosynthetic apparatus in far-red light

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Science  21 Aug 2014:
DOI: 10.1126/science.1256963

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Cyanobacteria are unique among bacteria in performing oxygenic photosynthesis, often together with nitrogen fixation and, thus, are major primary producers in many ecosystems. The cyanobacterium, Leptolyngbya sp. strain JSC-1, exhibits an extensive photoacclimative response to growth in far-red light that includes the synthesis of chlorophylls d and f. During far-red acclimation, transcript levels increase ≥2-fold for ~900 genes and decrease ≥2-fold for ~2000 genes. Core subunits of photosystem I, photosystem II, and phycobilisomes are replaced by proteins encoded in a 21-gene cluster that includes a knotless red/far-red phytochrome and two response regulators. This acclimative response enhances light harvesting for wavelengths complementary to the growth light (λ = 700 to 750 nm) and enhances oxygen evolution in far-red light.

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