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Genomic surveillance elucidates Ebola virus origin and transmission during the 2014 outbreak

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Science  28 Aug 2014:
1259657
DOI: 10.1126/science.1259657

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History: 
  • Received for publication August 5, 2014
  • Accepted for publication August 21, 2014

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  1. Stephen K. Gire1,2,*,
  2. Augustine Goba3,*,,
  3. Kristian G. Andersen1,2,*,,
  4. Rachel S. G. Sealfon2,4,*,
  5. Daniel J. Park2,*,
  6. Lansana Kanneh3,
  7. Simbirie Jalloh3,
  8. Mambu Momoh3,5,
  9. Mohamed Fullah3,5,,
  10. Gytis Dudas6,
  11. Shirlee Wohl1,2,7,
  12. Lina M. Moses8,
  13. Nathan L. Yozwiak1,2,
  14. Sarah Winnicki1,2,
  15. Christian B. Matranga2,
  16. Christine M. Malboeuf2,
  17. James Qu2,
  18. Adrianne D. Gladden2,
  19. Stephen F. Schaffner1,2,
  20. Xiao Yang2,
  21. Pan-Pan Jiang1,2,
  22. Mahan Nekoui1,2,
  23. Andres Colubri1,
  24. Moinya Ruth Coomber3,
  25. Mbalu Fonnie3,,
  26. Alex Moigboi3,,
  27. Michael Gbakie3,
  28. Fatima K. Kamara3,
  29. Veronica Tucker3,
  30. Edwin Konuwa3,
  31. Sidiki Saffa3,
  32. Josephine Sellu3,
  33. Abdul Azziz Jalloh3,
  34. Alice Kovoma3,,
  35. James Koninga3,
  36. Ibrahim Mustapha3,
  37. Kandeh Kargbo3,
  38. Momoh Foday3,
  39. Mohamed Yillah3,
  40. Franklyn Kanneh3,
  41. Willie Robert3,
  42. James L. B. Massally3,
  43. Sinéad B. Chapman2,
  44. James Bochicchio2,
  45. Cheryl Murphy2,
  46. Chad Nusbaum2,
  47. Sarah Young2,
  48. Bruce W. Birren2,
  49. Donald S. Grant3,
  50. John S. Scheiffelin8,
  51. Eric S. Lander2,7,9,
  52. Christian Happi10,
  53. Sahr M. Gevao11,
  54. Andreas Gnirke2,§,
  55. Andrew Rambaut6,12,13,§,
  56. Robert F. Garry8,§,
  57. S. Humarr Khan3,§,
  58. Pardis C. Sabeti1,2,§
  1. 1Center for Systems Biology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  2. 2Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
  3. 3Kenema Government Hospital, Kenema, Sierra Leone.
  4. 4Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  5. 5Eastern Polytechnic College, Kenema, Sierra Leone.
  6. 6Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK.
  7. 7Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
  8. 8Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
  9. 9Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
  10. 10Redeemer’s University, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  11. 11University of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone.
  12. 12Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  13. 13Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK.
  1. Corresponding author. E-mail: andersen{at}broadinstitute.org (K.G.A.); augstgoba{at}yahoo.com (A.G.); psabeti{at}oeb.harvard.edu (P.C.S.)
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  2. § These authors jointly supervised this work.

  • Deceased.

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