ReportROCK PHYSICS

Rock physics of fibrous rocks akin to Roman concrete explains uplifts at Campi Flegrei Caldera

Science  09 Jul 2015:

DOI: 10.1126/science.aab1292

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Abstract

Uplifts in the Campi Flegrei caldera reach values unsurpassed anywhere in the world (~2 m). Despite the remarkable deformation, the release of strain appears delayed. The rock physics analysis of well cores highlights the presence of two horizons, above and below the seismogenic area, underlying a coupled process. The basement is a calc-silicate rock housing hydrothermal decarbonation reactions, which provide lime-rich fluids. The caprock above the seismogenic area has a pozzolanic composition and a fibril-rich matrix that results from lime-pozzolanic reactions. These findings provide evidence for a natural process reflecting that characterizing the cementitious pastes in modern and Roman concrete. The formation of fibrous minerals by intertwining filaments confers shear and tensile strength to the caprock, contributing to its ductility and increased resistance to fracture.

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