ReportTopological Matter

Experimental observation of Weyl points

Science  16 Jul 2015:

DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa9273

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Abstract

The massless solutions to the Dirac equation are described by the so-called Weyl Hamiltonian. The Weyl equation requires a particle to have linear dispersion in all three dimensions (3D) while being doubly degenerate at a single momentum point. These Weyl points are topological monopoles of quantized Berry flux exhibiting numerous unusual properties. We performed angular-resolved microwave transmission measurements through a double-gyroid photonic crystal with inversion-breaking, where Weyl points have been theoretically predicted to occur. The excited bulk states show two linear dispersion bands touching at four isolated points in the 3D Brillouin zone, indicating the observation of Weyl points. This work paves a way to a variety of photonic topological phenomena in 3D.

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