Research Article

Architecture of human mTOR complex 1

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Science  17 Dec 2015:
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa3870

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Target of rapamycin (TOR), a conserved protein kinase and central controller of cell growth, functions in two structurally and functionally distinct complexes: TORC1 and TORC2. Dysregulation of mammalian TOR (mTOR) signaling is implicated in pathologies that include diabetes, cancer and neurodegeneration. We resolved the architecture of human mTORC1 (mTOR with subunits Raptor and mLST8) bound to FK506 binding protein (FKBP)-rapamycin, by combining cryo-electron microscopy at 5.9 Å resolution with crystallographic studies of Chaetomium thermophilum Raptor at 4.3 Å resolution. The structure explains how FKBP-rapamycin and architectural elements of mTORC1 limit access to the recessed active site. Consistent with a role in substrate recognition and delivery, the conserved N-terminal domain of Raptor is juxtaposed with the kinase active site.

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