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Xist recruits the X chromosome to the nuclear lamina to enable chromosome-wide silencing

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Science  04 Aug 2016:
aae0047
DOI: 10.1126/science.aae0047

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Abstract

The Xist lncRNA orchestrates X chromosome inactivation, a process that entails chromosome-wide silencing and remodeling of the three-dimensional structure of the X chromosome. Yet, it remains unclear whether these changes in nuclear structure are mediated by Xist and whether they are required for silencing. Here, we show that Xist directly interacts with the Lamin B Receptor (LBR), an integral component of the nuclear lamina, and that this interaction is required for Xist-mediated silencing by recruiting the inactive X to the nuclear lamina and by doing so enables Xist to spread to actively transcribed genes across the X. Our results demonstrate that lamina recruitment changes the three-dimensional structure of DNA thereby enabling Xist, and its silencing proteins, to spread across the X to silence transcription.

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